Information about countries

Are you looking for an overview of Europe and ways to get visa for this place? In this article, we will provide you with some requirements for getting a visa, list all the countries as well as some attractions that visitors should come here. Letโ€™s get started!

Getting a visa for Europe

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บย Schengen visa ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece visa ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway visa
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania visa ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary visa ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland visa
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Andorra visa ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland visa ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal visa
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria visa ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland visa ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania visa
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ Belarus visa ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy visa ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia visa
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium visa ๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kosovo visa ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ San Marino visa
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina visa ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia visa ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia visa
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria visa ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Liechtenstein visa ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia visa
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia visa ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania visa ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia visa
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus visa ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg visa ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain visa
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech Republic visa ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta visa ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden visa
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark visa ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Moldova visa ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland visa
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia visa ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡จ Monaco visa ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukraine visa
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland visa ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Montenegro visa ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom visa
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France visa ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands visa ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ Vatican City visa
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany visa ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ North Macedonia visa

Quick facts about Europe

Here are some quick facts about Europe:

Category Fact
Total Area 10,180,000 km2
Number of countries 48
Biggest country by area Russia (17,098,242 km2)
2024 population 735 million people
Most populated country Russia (144 million people)
Number of languages 200+
Largest peninsula Scandinavian Peninsula (750,000 km2)
Highest mountain Mt. Elbrus (5,642 m)
Longest river Volga River (3,692 km)
Largest economy Germany ($4.3 trillion GDP)
Newest country Kosovo (Declared independence in 2008)
Longest coastline Norway (25,148 km)
Most visited country France (89.3 million tourists)
A country with most UNESCO sites Italy (55 sites)

Countries in Europe

Area and population in Europe

Country Area (km2) Population (2024)
Albania 28,748 2,832,439
Andorra 468 80,088
Austria 83,858 8,958,960
Belarus 207,560 9,498,238
Belgium 30,528 11,686,140
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129 3,210,847
Bulgaria 110,910 6,687,717
Croatia 56,542 4,008,617
Cyprus 9,251 1,260,138
Czech Republic 78,866 10,495,295
Denmark 43,094 5,910,913
Estonia 45,226 1,322,765
Finland 338,455 5,545,475
France 547,030 64,756,584
Germany 357,168 83,294,633
Greece 131,957 10,341,277
Hungary 93,030 10,156,239
Iceland 103,000 375,318
Ireland 70,280 5,056,935
Italy 301,338 58,870,762
Kosovo 10,887 1,964,327
Latvia 64,589 1,830,211
Liechtenstein 160 39,584
Lithuania 65,300 2,718,352
Luxembourg 2,586 634,814
Malta 316 442,784
Moldova 33,846 3,435,931
Monaco 2.020 39,511
Montenegro 13,812 629,219
Netherlands 41,543 17,618,299
North Macedonia 25,713 2,085,679
Norway 385,203 5,474,360
Poland 312,685 41,026,067
Portugal 92,212 10,247,605
Romania 238,397 19,892,812
Russia 17,098,242 144,444,359
San Marino 61.2 34,017
Serbia 88,361 7,149,077
Slovakia 49,035 5,795,199
Slovenia 20,273 2,119,675
Spain 505,990 47,519,628
Sweden 450,295 10,612,086
Switzerland 41,285 8,796,669
Ukraine 603,628 36,744,634
United Kingdom 244,820 67,736,802
Vatican City 0.44 764

Language spoken in Europe

Language Regions Number of speakers (2024)
Russian Russia, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine 150 million
German Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Belgium, Luxembourg 98 million
French France, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Italy (Aosta Valley), Andorra 82 million
Turkish Turkey, Cyprus, North Macedonia, Greece, Serbia, Albania, Kosovo 80 million
Italian Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City 58 million
English United Kingdom, Ireland, Spain, France, Germany 63 million
Spanish Spain, Gibraltar, Andorra, France, Germany, Portugal 44 million
Polish Czechia, Hungary, Belarus, Ukraine 38 million
Ukrainian Russia, Poland, Romania, Latvia, Estonia 28 million
Dutch Belgium, Suriname 27 million

Best countries to visit in Europe


Italy seduces over 60 million visitors a year with its art, food, wine, fashion, and beauty. Lose yourself in the marvels of Rome, Florence, Venice, and beyond.

  • Feast on incredible Italian food: Indulge in pizza in Naples, creamy gelato, pasta bathed in savory sauces, and more.
  • Marvel at legendary art: See Michelangelo’s David and da Vinci’s Last Supper. Tour galleries overflowing with works by Raphael, Botticelli, Caravaggio, and others.ย 
  • Relax on pristine beaches: With over 4,700 miles of coastline, Italy boasts superb beach destinations like Capri, Cinque Terre, Sicily, and more.ย 


From tasty tapas to sensational art, Spain excites the senses. Over 80 million people visit annually for festivals, nightlife, beaches, and more.

  • Feast on Tapas and Paella: Graze on small plates of chorizo, manchego cheese, stuffed peppers, and other tapas delights. Enjoy savory paella loaded with seafood or sausage.ย 
  • See surreal art and architecture: Gape at Salvador Dalรญ’s Melting Clocks. Tour Gaudรญ’s fantastical Sagrada Familia basilica.ย 
  • Dance at festivals all year long: Celebrate at Las Fallas in Valencia or Pamplona’s famous Running of the Bulls.ย 


The snow-capped Alps, shimmering lakes, storybook villages, and incredible hiking bring over 10 million visitors a year to Switzerland.

  • Hike spectacular trails: Trek through mountain meadows blanketed in wildflowers. Climb challenging peaks and take in panoramic views.ย 
  • Savor Swiss specialties: Fondue, raclette, rรถsti, chocolate, and fresh bread and pastries tempt taste buds. Swiss cuisine showcases local ingredients.ย 
  • Marvel at Alpine Vistas: Ride trains and cable cars to mountain peaks and hamlets.ย 


Home to chic Paris, Provence’s lavender fields, and the French Riviera, France enchants over 80 million visitors annually. Savor the food, art, fashion, and culture.

  • Stroll charming villages and cities: Meander medieval streets in Carcassonne. Explore hilltop villages in Provence. Visit bustling markets and world-class museums.
  • Indulge in bread, cheese, and wine: Savor buttery croissants, stinky cheese, silky chocolate, and renowned wines. French markets brim with fresh baguettes, colorful produce, and sublime foods.ย 
  • Relax on gorgeous beaches: Soak up the sun on the ritzy beaches in St. Tropez, Nice, and Cannes. Head to surf towns like Biarritz. With over 2,000 miles of coastline, beach bliss abounds.


Blending European and Asian influences, Turkey amazes with markets, mosques, ancient sites, beaches, and natural wonders. Over 50 million come to explore each year.

  • Tap into history in Istanbul: See Topkapi Palace, the Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, and the Grand Bazaar. Cruise the Bosphorus for stellar city views.ย 
  • Behold Cappadocia’s fairy chimneys: Hike among the fantastical rock formations and underground cities of Cappadocia. Hot air balloon rides provide epic views.ย 
  • Relax on sun-drenched beaches: Bask on beaches in Bodrum, Kalkan, and other resort towns. Swim in translucent waters, then unwind at al fresco cafes.ย 

Most popular tourist attractions in Europe

Here are the popular attractions in Europe:

Eiffel Tower, France

Eiffel Tower - France
Eiffel Tower – France


  • Being one of the most iconic landmarks in the world and a symbol of Paris.
  • The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 and stands 324 meters tall.


  • Going up the tower for incredible panoramic views of Paris, dining at one of the restaurants, and admiring the architecture and engineering.
  • At night, the tower is lit up with 20,000 sparkling lights.

Visiting tips

  • Buy tickets in advance online to avoid long lines.
  • The views are best from the top floor.
  • Go at night to see the Eiffel Tower lit up.
  • Avoid the crowds by going early in the morning or later at night.

Colosseum, Italy

Colosseum - Italy
Colosseum – Italy


  • Being an ancient Roman amphitheater used for gladiator contests and public events.
  • The Colosseum is an architectural and engineering marvel, built in 70-80 AD.


  • Take a guided tour of the interior to see the underground tunnels and chambers.
  • Climbing up for views of the Roman Forum.
  • Wandering the grounds to admire the structure from all angles.

Visiting tips

  • Purchase skip-the-line tickets online for faster entry.
  • Go early to avoid crowds.
  • Wear comfortable shoes as there is a lot of walking on uneven terrain.
  • Visit the Roman Forum nearby to see more ancient ruins.

The Acropolis, Greece

The Acropolis - Greece
The Acropolis – Greece


  • Housing famous ancient Greek temples like the Parthenon.
  • The Acropolis sits atop a hill rising 490 feet over Athens with history dating back 5,000 years.


  • Exploring the ancient Greek ruins and hilltop temples.
  • Admiring views of Athens and surrounding areas.
  • Visiting the Acropolis Museum nearby to see artifacts.

Visiting tipย 

  • Visit early morning or late afternoon to avoid the midday heat and large tour groups.
  • Wear appropriate clothing that covers shoulders and knees.
  • Bring water – there is a lot of walking and uphill climbing.
  • Purchase tickets online in advance to skip ticket booth lines.

Stonehenge, England

Stonehenge - England
Stonehenge – England


  • Being a prehistoric monument consisting of huge stones arranged in a circle.
  • It was constructed between 3000 BC – 2000 BC.


  • Walking around the stone circle and admiring the architecture.
  • Pondering the mysteries and purposes of Stonehenge.
  • Visiting the Stonehenge Visitor Centre to learn more about it.

Visiting tips

  • Purchase an English Heritage ticket with timed entry to avoid crowds.
  • Take a guided tour for expert commentary.
  • Visit during the solstices for special events and access.
  • Bring binoculars to admire the details on top of the stones.

Grand Canal, Italy

Grand Canal - Italy
Grand Canal – Italy


  • Being the main water corridor and most famous canal running through Venice.
  • The Grand Canal is lined with over 170 buildings dating back to the 13th – 18th century.


  • Take a gondola ride down the canal to soak in the ambiance.
  • Admiring the elegant palaces and architecture along the banks.
  • Crossing the Rialto Bridge for shops and restaurants.

Visiting tips

  • Avoid the crowded Rialto Bridge area by exploring side canals.
  • Visit early morning or late evening when canal traffic is lighter.
  • Ride the length of the Grand Canal on the Vaporetto public boat for better views.
  • Time your visit to Carnival for elaborate masks and costumes.