Information about countries

Are you looking for an overview of Africa and ways to get visa for this place? In this article, we will provide you with some requirements for getting a visa, list all the countries as well as some attractions that visitors should come here. Let’s get started!

Getting a visa for Africa

🇩🇿 Algeria visa 🇪🇹 Ethiopia visa 🇳🇦 Namibia visa
🇦🇴 Angola visa 🇬🇦 Gabon visa 🇳🇪 Niger visa
🇧🇯 Benin visa 🇬🇲 Gambia visa 🇳🇬 Nigeria visa
🇧🇼 Botswana visa 🇬🇭 Ghana visa 🇷🇼 Rwanda visa
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso visa 🇬🇳 Guinea visa 🇸🇹 Sao Tome & Principe visa
🇧🇮 Burundi visa 🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau visa 🇸🇳 Senegal visa
🇨🇲 Cameroon visa 🇨🇮 Ivory Coast visa 🇸🇨 Seychelles visa
🇨🇻 Cape Verde visa 🇰🇪 Kenya visa 🇸🇱 Sierra Leone visa
🇨🇫 Central African Republic visa 🇱🇸 Lesotho visa 🇸🇴 Somalia visa
🇹🇩 Chad visa 🇱🇷 Liberia visa 🇿🇦 South Africa visa
🇰🇲 Comoros visa 🇱🇾 Libya visa 🇸🇸 South Sudan visa
🇨🇬 Congo visa 🇲🇬 Madagascar visa 🇸🇩 Sudan visa
🇩🇯 Djibouti visa 🇲🇼 Malawi visa 🇹🇿 Tanzania visa
🇨🇩 DR Congo visa 🇲🇱 Mali visa 🇹🇬 Togo visa
🇪🇬 Egypt visa 🇲🇷 Mauritania visa 🇹🇳 Tunisia visa
🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea visa 🇲🇺 Mauritius visa 🇺🇬 Uganda visa
🇪🇷 Eritrea visa 🇲🇦 Morocco visa 🇿🇲 Zambia visa
🇸🇿 Eswatini visa 🇲🇿 Mozambique visa 🇿🇼 Zimbabwe visa

Quick facts about Africa

Here are some quick facts about Africa:

Category Fact
Area 30.3 million km2
Number of countries 54 countries + 2 in fact independent territories (Somaliland and Western Sahara)
Biggest country by area Algeria (2,381,740 km2)
2024 population 1.42 billion people
Most populous country Nigeria (219 million people)
Number of languages 2,000+
Largest peninsula Horn of Africa (1.8 million km2)
Highest mountain Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895 m)
Longest river Nile River (6,650 km)
Largest lake Lake Victoria (69,484 km2)
Largest desert Sahara (9.2 million km2)

Countries in Africa

Here is an overview of the countries in Africa:

Area and population in Africa

Country Area (km2) Population (2024)
Algeria 2,381,740 46,980,094
Angola 1,246,700 38,314,651
Benin 112,620 14,539,921
Botswana 600,370 2,804,245
Burkina Faso 274,200 25,434,122
Burundi 27,830 14,235,991
Cabo Verde 4,033 598,682
Cameroon 475,440 31,141,848
Central African Republic 622,984 6,267,233
Chad 1,284,000 19,721,070
Comoros 2,170 950,227
Congo 342,000 6,600,338
Djibouti 23,000 1,227,998
DR Congo 2,345,410 109,903,633
Egypt 1,001,450 117,934,871
Equatorial Guinea 28,051 1,846,920
Eritrea 121,320 4,001,882
Eswatini 17,363 1,290,613
Ethiopia 1,127,127 135,948,890
Gabon 267,667 2,592,393
Gambia 11,300 2,925,071
Ghana 239,460 36,496,296
Guinea 245,857 15,083,751
Guinea-Bissau 36,120 2,283,899
Ivory Coast 322,460 30,553,813
Kenya 582,650 58,741,658
Lesotho 30,355 2,439,962
Liberia 111,370 5,766,764
Libya 1,759,540 7,329,713
Madagascar 587,040 32,306,995
Malawi 118,480 22,491,890
Mali 1,240,000 25,459,181
Mauritania 1,030,700 5,188,307
Mauritius 2,040 1,311,884
Morocco 446,550 40,029,845
Mozambique 801,590 36,381,324
Namibia 825,418 2,744,759
Niger 1,267,000 29,707,562
Nigeria 923,768 241,041,833
Rwanda 26,338 15,346,320
Sao Tome & Principe 1,001 248,507
Senegal 196,190 18,956,997
Seychelles 455 112,291
Sierra Leone 71,740 9,453,218
Somalia 637,657 19,650,785
South Africa 1,219,912 63,934,134
South Sudan 619,745 11,840,148
Sudan 1,861,484 51,688,168
Tanzania 945,087 72,095,332
Togo 56,785 9,887,383
Tunisia 163,610 12,691,025
Uganda 236,040 52,870,150
Zambia 752,614 22,394,206
Zimbabwe 390,580 17,614,899

Language spoken in Africa

Language Regions Number of speakers (2024)
Swahili Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, DR Congo 150 millions
Arabic Egypt, Algeria, Morocco, Sudan 100 millions
French DR Congo, Ivory Coast, Senegal 90 millions
Hausa Nigeria, Niger, Ghana 80 millions
Yoruba Nigeria, Benin, Togo 40 millions
Oromo Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia 30 millions
Igbo Nigeria, Cameroon 30 millions
Portuguese Angola, Mozambique 14 millions
Zulu South Africa, Lesotho 10 millions
Shona Zimbabwe, Mozambique 10 millions

Best countries to visit in Africa


As one of Africa’s most popular travel destinations, Egypt draws over 13 million visitors annually. People flock to Egypt to explore remnants of the ancient Egyptian civilization. Iconic attractions include:

  • The Pyramids of Giza.
  • Valley of the Kings 
  • The Egyptian museum 
  • The Nile river


It entices over 12 million visitors yearly with its unique blend of cultural influences. Historic sites to discover across Morocco’s cities include:

  • Ancient medinas 
  • Hassan II Mosque 
  • Djemaa el-Fna 
  • High Atlas mountains 
  • Chefchaouen 


Kenya entices over 2 million visitors yearly with its epic safaris through conservation reserves where animals roam wild. Must-visit spots include:

  • Masai Mara National Reserve 
  • Amboseli National Park 
  • Lake Nakuru National Park 
  • Lamu Island 
  • Hell’s Gate National Park


Namibia has become hugely popular for ecotourism over the past decade, attracting over 1.6 million visitors. Top places to visit across Namibia’s striking landscapes include:

  • Etosha National Park 
  • Sossusvlei 
  • Fish River Canyon 
  • Damaraland 

Most popular tourist attractions in Africa

Africa is a continent full of natural beauty and cultural riches. From iconic wildlife and breathtaking landscapes to ancient cities and colorful local traditions, there are many incredible places for travelers to explore. 

Victoria Falls, Zambia & Zimbabwe

Victoria Falls - Zambia & Zimbabwe
Victoria Falls – Zambia & Zimbabwe


  • Victoria Falls is one of the world’s largest waterfalls with a width of over 5,600 feet and a height of over 350 feet. 
  • The falls are formed as the Zambezi River plummets into a narrow gorge.


  • Viewing the massive waterfall is the main activity as visitors can take in the awe-inspiring views from viewpoints on either the Zambian or Zimbabwean sides. 
  • Popular things to do include taking helicopter tours over the falls, going on guided walks through the rainforest, boating on the river above the falls, bungee jumping, and visiting the local markets.

Visiting tips

  • February to May offers the best views as this is the region’s wet season when water levels are highest. 
  • Be prepared to get wet from the spray during peak flow times. 
  • Bring bottled water, wear weather-appropriate clothing, and take care of valuables around the misty falls.

Pyramids of Giza, Egypt

Pyramids of Giza - Egypt
Pyramids of Giza – Egypt


  • The Pyramids of Giza contain the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World, the Great Pyramid of Giza. 
  • Dating back 4,500 years, the pyramids were tombs for the mighty Pharaohs of Egypt.


  • Walk right up to the bases of these legendary pyramids and explore the interior tunnels and chambers if open. 
  • The complex also features many other ancient structures like the Sphinx. Top things to do include camel rides, museum visits, Nile river cruises, and sound & light shows after dusk.

Visiting tips 

  • Beat daytime heat by visiting early morning or late afternoon. 
  • Consider hiring a guide to provide context on Egyptian history. 
  • Respect cultural norms by dressing modestly at religious sites. Beware of street vendor scams targeting tourists.

Kruger National Park, South Africa

Kruger National Park - South Africa
Kruger National Park – South Africa


  • One of Africa’s largest game reserves, Kruger National Park provides refuge for over 500 bird species and many types of wildlife like the “Big 5” – lions, leopards, rhinos, elephants, and cape buffalos.


  • The main draw is going on wildlife safaris via 4×4 vehicles to spot animals in their natural habitats. 
  • Many lodges offer early morning and nighttime safari tours. 
  • Hiking trails allow closer encounters with beauty spots.

Visiting tips

  • The dry winter months of May and September provide the best wildlife viewing. 
  • Pack layers of neutral-toned clothing, binoculars, reference books, and long-lens cameras. 
  • Respect park rules by keeping safe distances from animals.

Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Mount Kilimanjaro - Tanzania
Mount Kilimanjaro – Tanzania


  • Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest freestanding mountain on earth, with its snow-capped peak soaring 19,341 feet high. 
  • The mountain offers varied terrain from rainforests to alpine deserts on the way up.


  • Trekking and climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is the most popular activity. 
  • Following specialist guides on a multi-day hike, climbers experience diverse landscapes and glamorous views from the summit. 
  • Day hikes on lower slopes are also available.

Visiting tips 

  • Climb during the dry seasons of January-February and August-September. Prepare for freezing and high altitude. 
  • Bring proper hiking gear and equipment. 
  • Acclimatize to altitude and pace yourself carefully to avoid altitude sickness.

Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali

Great Mosque of Djenné - Mali
Great Mosque of Djenné – Mali


  • A prime example of the Sudano-Sahelian architectural style, Djenné Mosque is the world’s largest mud-brick building. 
  • The mosque hosts a lively weekly market.


  • Marvel at the impressive mud-brick structure and soak in the atmosphere of the surrounding market selling handmade goods. 
  • Join in the annual festival after Ramadan to help replaster the facade with mud.

Visiting tips

  • The best times are the post-rainy season months of January-May when the temperature is cooler. 
  • Dress conservatively and ask permission before photographing people. Hire an accredited local guide for context. 
  • Support the local economy by purchasing traditional Mali crafts.